Wheel alignment is a type and also part of automobile maintenance which normally consists of adjusting and setting the angles of wheels to the specification which have been stated by the car manufacturer.
in order for a vehicle to move in a straight posture and also to reduce time wear wheel alignment is necessary.This makes a vehicle to move without necessarily “pulling” on one side.Wheel alignment is also known as breaking or tracking.
This alignment angles can also be altered and set in a way which is not according to the specifications of the manufactures.This type of setting enables one to set a specific handling characteristics. The vehicles which are normally used for sporting activities can be set in angles which are not normal this so as to suit the various reasons.
Modern vehicles are equipped with a driver assistance system that includes electronic stability system, the antilock system. Others include the lane departure warning, traction control and the adaptive cruise control.
For proper movement of a vehicle the Drive assistance system greatly helps. setting of a vehicle is made simpler by the use of ADAS. It contributes to a vehicle moving in a straight posture thus reducing the risk of an occurrence of an accident.
There are two different types of wheel alignment which include Primary Angles and Secondary angles Primary angles are the most basic wheel alignment which is relative to each other and also to the car body.The adjustments include camber, caster, toe. On some cars not all adjustments can be conducted on each and every wheel of a vehicle. Front and the rear are the ways in which the three types of adjustments can be further adjusted.
Secondary angles are several.They include; frame angle, set back, track width difference, wheel base difference. There are also other secondary types of adjustments for both wheels and they include; ; steering Axis Inclination, Toe out on turns, maximum turns, rear ride height, the front ride height.
A setback is the difference between the right side and the left side and also the wheel base length.Setback can also be measured through an angle. A setback is said to be negligible in a circumstance when the car is turning one of the wheel is normally in front of the other wheels with few centimeters it occurs when the car set back is set below the manufacturers standards.
Because of the various reasons some car models may have a factory setting which is from the right to the left side of the wheel base.An off-spec set back can occur when there is collision or when there is a difference between right and left caster. There is a camera which is used in the wheel alignment.